Writing meta answers can be a bit tough, because sometimes I speak as a moderator and sometimes I speak as a user, and it's not always clear which is which. So let me be extra clear here...
As a moderator: historically such questions are considered off-topic
There is some precedent here, but it is quite loose, and I don't think it is codified anywhere. The reason for this is simply a strict interpretation of the "on-topic questions" in the Help Centre. I have closed some of these questions myself in the past, and would have closed the one in the question, but for the discussion here.
Obviously, that list of "on-topic questions" cannot be exhaustive. However, the spirit of that text is that we accept questions about the scientific aspects of chemistry itself, i.e. stuff that you would be taught in a chemistry course, or read in a chemistry book.
Pedagogy, or teaching, is an entirely separate matter: that's why, for example, there are different types of doctorates for education and for science. That's also why there are different Stack Exchange sites for this sort of question: for example, there is Mathematics and Mathematics Educators. And there used to be a Science Educators Area 51 site, but I suspect that never really took off.
As a user: I would not like such questions here
IMO, the main problem with these questions is that they are either opinion-based (e.g. "How do I best learn this concept?"), or that they depend on where the OP is based (e.g. the linked question, which heavily depends on what sort of physical chemistry is covered in the syllabus). Thus, they do not have 'one true answer': they are better suited for other websites, forums, or maybe chat (although to be honest chat is dead).
Many SE sites deal with open-ended questions like these. For example, Academia has plenty of questions to which there isn't a right answer. Indeed, some sites are even centred around open-ended questions. But this is not what Chemistry has been, so far. If we want to accept this kind of question, it would represent quite a change in the site direction—not one that I'm really in favour of. I fear it is also the start of a slippery slope, because once we allow this kind of open-ended question, it's not long before we get things like "list your favourite mnemonic for memorising the Periodic Table".
Personally, I don't feel any shame in the act of turning people away. I don't think it's hurtful or rude at all to point out that this isn't the place to ask your question, and to suggest other, more suitable, places, even if that means it isn't Chemistry.SE. That's what I tried to do in my comment:
I am sorry, but this is off-topic for Chemistry.SE. Yes, your target audience is chemists, and this place has the most chemists; but Chemistry.SE is for questions about chemistry, not how to teach chemistry, or how to teach maths to chemists. Have you considered Mathematics Educators Stack Exchange? I think I can migrate the question over there; and I think it would be the best to have it migrated, and to put a link at the top of your post pointing people there so that they can contribute if interested. You are also welcome to post in [chat].
which is very different from
I'm closing this question because it has literally nothing to do with chemistry.
That would be unhelpful, and not very nice, and I would feel bad doing that. But I don't feel bad posting my actual comment.
As a moderator: if the users want them, then we will allow them
Judging by the response to the question, and the votes on the question comments, it is clear that at least some portion of the Chemistry community is happy with this kind of question. I think it's quite possible that more people will disagree with me than agree.
If that is the direction that the community wants to move the site in, then we can codify that in this meta post right here. That would set some kind of precedent, which we can refer back to when people ask about it.
It doesn't matter so much what my personal opinion of it is; I won't veto something just because I don't like it, and neither will the other mods. (FWIW, maybe the other mods disagree with me. I haven't asked them :-))